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Pregnenolone Estrogen Hormone Good Pharmaceutical Materials CAS: 145-13-1
English Synonyms: DELTA5-PREGNEN-3BETA-OL-20-ONE;DELTA5-PREGNEN-3B-OL-20-ONE;DELTA-5-PREGNENE-3B-OL-20-ONE;DELTA5-PREGNENOLONE;1-((3S,8S,9S,10R,13S,14S,17S)-3-HYDROXY-10,13-DIMETHYL-2,3,4,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-TETRADECAHYDRO-1H-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-17-YL)-ETHANONE;3BETA-HYDROXY-5-PREGNEN-20-ONE;3BETA-HYDROXYPREGN-5-EN-20-ONE;3b-hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one
CAS NO.: 145-13-1
Quality Standard: Enterprise Standard
Appearance: White or almost white crystalline powder
Usage: White crystalline powder. Melting point 193 ℃. Insoluble in water. Use for biochemical studies. Progesterone hormone class medicine intermediate.
Pregnenolone (3β -hydroxypregn-5-en-20-one), also known as P5, is an endogenous steroid hormone. It is the precursor of the progestogens, mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, and estrogens, as well as the neuroactive steroids. In addition, pregnenolone is biologically active in its own right, acting as a neurosteroid.
Like other steroids, pregnenolone consists of four interconnected cyclic hydrocarbons. It contains ketone and hydroxyl functional groups, two methyl branches, and a double bond at C5, in the B cyclic hydrocarbon ring. Like many steroid hormones, it is hydrophobic. Its esterified version, pregnenolone sulfate, is water-soluble.
Pregnenolone and its sulfate, like its sulfate and progesterone, belong to the group of neurosteroids that are found in high concentrations in certain areas of the brain, and are synthesized there. Neurosteroids affect synaptic functioning, are neuroprotective, and enhance myelinization. Pregnenolone and its sulfate ester are under investigation for their potential to improve cognitive and memory functioning. Pregnenolone is also being considered as a potential treatment for schizophrenia.
Pregnenolone is a steroid hormone involved in the steroidogenesis of progesterone, mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, and estrogens. As such it is a prohormone. Pregnenolone is a GABAA antagonist and increases neurogenesis in the hippocampus.
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